Law is a set of rules enforced by social and governmental institutions. These rules protect human rights, property rights, contract rights, and procedural rights. Generally, legal issues can arise from family problems, sudden events, and problems at work.
Some common legal issues include money, housing, immigration, consumer rights, and problems with the law. If you have a legal issue, you can seek help from a lawyer.
A lawsuit is a civil proceeding between two or more parties in which one party alleges that the other party failed to perform a legal duty. In most cases, the two parties settle the issue without a trial.
Before a case is tried, a judge or prosecutor can initiate an arraignment. This process involves bringing an accused person to court and asking him or her whether or not he or she will plead guilty or not guilty.
An indictment is a formal charge issued by a grand jury. The prosecutor then has the responsibility of proving that the defendant committed a crime.
Precedent is a court decision in a similar case that binds the same court. It is normally a ruling by a majority of judges.
A judge can also decide to impose an injunction. This is an order preventing a person from doing something that would cause irreparable damage.
Sometimes, a temporary restraining order may be issued before a hearing. This is intended to keep the defendant from doing something until a trial can be held.