Law is a set of rules and norms enforceable through governmental and social institutions. It deals with issues such as crime, rights of property, family, business, immigration, money and more.
The rule of law demands that the people in authority exercise their power in accordance with well-established public norms. The rule of law ensures that no one is above the law, and that everyone has access to protection.
There are three categories of law: civil, regulatory, and criminal. Civil law legal systems are shorter, and less detailed than regulations or criminal laws. A common law system, on the other hand, explicitly acknowledges that decisions made by courts are “law”.
Regulation deals with the provision of services such as utilities, water, telecoms, and energy. It also regulates industry. Tax law and financial regulation are examples of these laws.
Criminal procedure entails the rules of the court, and the punishments for violations of those rules. Evidence law is about admissible materials in the courts. Likewise, family law deals with child rights, marriage and divorce, and parental rights.
Commercial law, on the other hand, deals with contracts and business. Real estate, on the other hand, is about land and movable objects.
Rule of law is a set of formal, procedural, and substantive principles. These are the ideals that should be accepted by all citizens.
The concept of natural law emerged in ancient Greece and was reintroduced into mainstream culture by Thomas Aquinas. Religious law, such as Jewish Halakha and Islamic Sharia, is based on religious precepts.