Law is the set of rules enforced by social institutions. These include governmental, civil, and economic institutions. It shapes politics, economics, and history.
Law is also the art of justice. In legal practice, courts decide lawsuits. The court’s decision, called a judgment, determines the rights of the parties involved. Appeals are possible if the law or procedure was improper.
Common types of legal systems are civil law, common law, and criminal law. Some of these legal systems are common to all of the world’s nations, while others are specific to particular countries. A state’s constitution may have a strong influence on the creation of laws and rights.
Common issues that arise in the legal system involve issues involving money, housing, consumer rights, immigration, and family. Government websites offer information on many legal issues.
Legal systems are based on the doctrine of precedent. This means that decisions made by a court or judge in one case bind future decisions by other courts.
Common issues that are heard in courts include issues concerning money, marriage and divorce, and property rights. A jury is a group of people who hear evidence in a courtroom and make a determination of whether a defendant is guilty or not.
Juries usually hear both sides of a controversy in a courtroom, but they can be sequestered from outside influence during the deliberations.
A jury is a group of people who are randomly chosen from a pool of voters and who will hear evidence and decide the case. During the deliberations, juries sometimes hear arguments about the nature of genetics.